[This article belongs to Volume - 56, Issue - 01, 2024]
Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-29-05-2024-81

Rahul B. Patil1 & Digvijay V. Lawate2

Abstract :

The quiet spread of plastic trash in our oceans threatens to create an unbeatable calamity. The consequences of this extensive threat may continue for millennia in the coming decade, unstable marine ecosystems for up to 10,000 years. The scope of this issue cannot be understated, with an astonishing 5.25 trillion micro and ultra-fine particles spread over our seas and an estimated 381 million tonnes of plastic polluting our waters each year, which is anticipated to quadruple by 2034. The varied impact of plastic pollution on the marine environment is extensively examined in this review. This synthetic threat covers 88 percent of our oceans, harming marine species through ingestion and habitat disruption. At the same time, the presence of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch and similar accumulations elsewhere demonstrates the terrible worldwide situation. Other contaminants, such as industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills, compound this situation, harming nearly 817 marine species, a number that has increased by 23% in recent years. Locally, the scenario in regions such as India, where big cities generate 343 tonnes of rubbish, highlights the severe threat to biodiversity and coastal ecosystems. To deal with these terrifying truths, immediate action is required. This assessment underlines the urgent need for worldwide awareness, proper waste management, and rigorous legislation to prevent this potential disaster. It stresses the vital part that each individual plays in slowing the tide of plastic waste, demanding collective action to protect our oceans, our planet's life.