Railways are complex systems that include infrastructure, cars, and all the other components necessary to run efficiently and safely. In an intricate rail network, passenger and freight cars must coordinate their movements to avoid collisions. Effective management of the transport system is necessary to increase the number of trains operating on the network. The control and regulation of rail traffic and tracks are necessary for both safe operation and maximum efficiency. This powers the complex and dense network of ground and airborne equipment that the signaling system uses to monitor infrastructure and convoys and to activate and transmit instructions. A large number of different devices perform essential functions along a railway track. To give just a few examples, there are the railway shunting cabins that control the points, the devices that control the state of the train (intake temperature sensors, metering, track circuit), the light signals used to communicate with the conductors and the components that allow communication between the conductors Ground conduction system and on-board conduction system (computer interlock) (electronic equipment and ground encoders). In addition, the devices on board and on the ground communicate with the central management units through intermediate management and information points. Consequently, the development of rail systems must seek innovative ways to address these challenges. A solution can be found by configuring wireless communication as a backup for the fixed network to provide services until the system is restored, and in addition to the fixed network to allow new services to enhance existing ones.