Bearings are an integral part of a bridge. They play a pivotal role in ensuring the optimum performance of the bridge. This study attempts to present an Indian perspective on the significance and functionalities of bridge bearings. It provides an overview of bearing design provisions as adopted by Indian Standard Codes, with a brief background on improvements incorporated. It covers the different facets of bridge bearings and provides an account of prominent issues pertaining to the domain. The recommendations of different researchers and the bottlenecks and prominent deductions they proposed, have all been compiled in this review. The different types of bearings, along with their relative characteristic comparisons, have been discussed, and the importance of bearings on the structural action and efficiency of the bridge has been established.